Coffee preparation methods (2021)

Coffee preparation methods

Java, Joe, liquid energy and beer are just some of the terms used to describe one of the most consumed beverages in the world: the coffee . One of the most important factors that affect the taste of coffee is the way you prepare it. Understanding these coffee-making methods helps lay the foundation for some of the most popular coffee drinks offered in cafes and coffee shops, and it will greatly enhance the knowledge and success of your staff!

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Ways to make coffee

Once the beans have been harvested and roasted coffee, it's time to turn them into liquid. The most popular methods of doing this include using a drip coffee maker, French press, or espresso machine. Understand these three processes, is essential when brewing a successful coffee, as each variation produces a different flavor, brew time, and caffeine level for your customers' favorite beverages.

Drip coffee maker

drip coffee maker

The coffee that comes from a drip coffee maker It is prepared through a filter containing coarse ground coffee beans while boiling water "drips" to the top. The filter leaves the ground coffee beans as the liquid passes through a carafe or coffee pot which is then used for serving.

Making drip coffee takes longer compared to using an espresso machine, as the hot water is in contact with the ground coffee beans for a longer period. When comparing drip coffee to press coffee, drip coffee to French press coffee can produce coffee in a faster amount of time, as there is no need to soak the water.

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How to use a drip coffee maker:

  1. Put a new coffee filter in the drip machine.
  2. Add ground coffee beans to the filter at the rate of 2 tablespoons for each cup of water.
  3. Add filtered water to the reservoir container.
  4. Program the machine to brew at a specified time or press the brew button to start working immediately.

French press

french press

French pressed coffee is intended to be consumed immediately after brewing. Some coffee drinkers believe that making French press coffee produces a beverage that contains a stronger flavor compared to a drip coffee machine, as it allows the oils from the ground coffee beans to mix with the water.

french press It has a cylindrical glass carafe with a mesh filter inside that separates the ground coffee from the hot water. When it's time to pour and serve, a lever is pushed down that filters and separates the coffee grounds from the brewed coffee, leaving the grounds at the bottom and the liquid coffee on top of the filter. Before brewing with a French press coffee machine, the coffee grounds should be medium or coarse ground to obtain the best possible flavor and to avoid passing through the filter.

One benefit of using a French press compared to a drip coffee maker is that you can regulate the temperature of the water so your beans reach the maximum possible flavor potential when brewing beer. Also, no filters are needed, as a pressure screen is used at the end to separate the grounds from the liquid coffee.

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How to use a French press:

  1. Add ground coffee to the bottom of the French press jar. Use a ratio of 1 tablespoon of coffee grounds per 4 oz. of water.
  2. Bring the water to a boil (approximately 195 degrees Fahrenheit) and add to the French press jar. Stir to mix with the coffee grounds.
  3. Place the lid and filter on top of the press and let it rest for 90 seconds to 4 minutes, depending on the flavor you want. The longer you let the coffee sit, the stronger the flavor will be.
  4. Press down on the “plunger” of the French press with a firm but slow motion to strain the beans from the liquid infusion.

Espresso machine

espresso machine

Besides the brewing method, another difference between drip French pressed coffee and espresso is the texture and size of the types of coffee grounds used. Espresso beans They are ground much finer than drip coffee and French pressed coffee, and resemble the consistency of powdered sugar, which are then brewed with a espresso machine . The ground coffee beans are placed in a portafilter, which is the part of the handle of an espresso machine that attaches to the gasket of the machine. Then the brewing process begins when the water is pressurized through the beans to produce a liquid.

Espresso machines are designed to force a small amount of hot water through the coffee grounds at a very fast rate, and a single shot of espresso can take as little as 20 seconds to prepare. Espresso has a stronger flavor than the other two brewing methods and is also creamier due to the creamy foam called crema that is produced.

How to use an espresso machine:

  1. Grind the coffee beans to the consistency of powdered sugar.
  2. Pour filtered water into the water chamber of the espresso machine. Use 1 oz. of water for each shot of espresso desired.
  3. Add ground coffee to the portafilter.
  4. Use a tamping tool to pack the beans into the portafilter.
  5. Place an espresso cup under the espresso machine spout to collect the liquid.
  6. Place the filter holder in its holder and secure it in position.
  7. Press the "start" button and the espresso will be extracted in just 20 seconds.

Whether you have a busy coffee shop, bakery, bistro, or restaurantUnderstanding the various coffee brewing techniques is essential to running a successful coffee service.

Now that you understand the various methods of making coffee, can ccreate a wide variety of coffee drinks ranging from cappuccinos and lattes to brews and mochas. With this basic knowledge, you and your staff will be able to properly determine what type of coffee and technique is best suited to your business, as well as the needs of your customers.

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Coffee preparation methods