Measurement and conversion guide
When orders accumulate in your kitchen busy and fast paced, and there is not enough time to convert the measurements of the kitchen for your recipes, don't panic, let this interactive guide do the work for you! Designed to help you convert dry and liquid volumes, as well as to teach you more about temperatures and substitutions, this guide has all the information you need in one convenient place.
Common Cooking Measure Conversions
|Unit of measurement||Equivalent|
|Pinching or rubbing||less than 1/8 teaspoon|
|3 teaspoons||1 tablespoon|
|2 tbsp||1 fl oz|
|4 tbsp||1 / 4 cup|
|5 tablespoons + 1 teaspoon||1 / 3 cup|
|12 tbsp||3 / 4 cup|
|16 tbsp||1 cup|
|1 cup||8 fluid ounces|
|2 mugs||1 pint or 16 fl oz|
|2 pints||1 quart or 32 fluid oz.|
|4 rooms||1 gallon or 128 fluid oz.|
Converting Metric Cooking Measurements to Standard Measurements
|15 milliliters||1 tablespoon|
|500 milliliters||1 pint = 2 cups|
|1 liter||1 quart = 2 pints = 4 cups|
|1 gram||.035 ounces|
|1 kilogram||Libras 2,2|
|How to measure liquid ingredients||How to measure dry ingredients|
|For larger amounts, use a liquid measuring cup that sits on a level surface. Position yourself so that your eyes are level with the graduated marks on the cup. Use measuring spoons for smaller amounts.||Use a dry ingredient measuring cup for larger quantities and a measuring spoon for smaller quantities. Level the ingredient with a spatula or knife. Wet ingredients like brown sugar need to be packaged.|
How to replace liquid eggs with shell eggs
|1 egg = 1 extra large, 1 medium, or 2 small|
|2 eggs = 2 extra large, 2 medium or 3 small|
|3 eggs = 3 extra large, 4 medium or 4 small|
|4 eggs = 3 extra large, 5 medium or 6 small|
|5 eggs = 4 extra large, 6 medium or 7 small|
Sometimes recipes call for liquid eggs and you prefer to use shell eggs instead. If your recipe calls for liquid eggs, see below for easy ways to modify the recipe.
- 50/1 cup (5 ml) of liquid whole eggs = 1 large egg
- 100 ml (5 1/2 cups) liquid egg whites = 3 egg whites
What is a unit? What is a gross measure?
Since it is easier to count thoughts of the same type, we like to give them the same name. And from basic math, we know that the most accurate term for things of the same kind is "unit." Once we move on to trying to count many units at once, other words come into play, such as dozen and gross. The origin of the word "gross" to represent a "dozen dozen" is around the XNUMXth century from Old French grosse douzaine.
12 units = 1 dozen.
144 units = 12 dozen = 1 gross.
1728 units = 12 gross = 144 dozen = 1 grand gross.
How to Adjust Cook Times and Temperatures When Using a Convection Oven
Convection ovens, which use a fan to circulate air within the cooking cavity, are known for their ability to reduce cooking times compared to a oven conventional radiant.
A general rule of thumb is that you can reduce the cook time by up to 25% and / or the cook temperature by up to 30% in a recipe written for a standard oven. It is a good idea to carefully monitor the first batch you are making to make sure you are achieving your desired results, as each oven is a little different. See the table below for some examples of time and temperature conversions for cooking in a convection oven.
How to Calculate Convection Oven Cook Times
|Food||Conventional oven||Convection Oven: Reduced Time||Convection Oven - Reduced Temperature|
|12 pounds roast turkey||325 degrees Fahrenheit, 3,5 hours||325 degrees Fahrenheit, 2,75 hours||315 degrees Fahrenheit, 3 hours|
|6 pounds of cooked ham||350 degrees Fahrenheit, 1,5 hours||350 degrees Fahrenheit, 70 minutes||325 degrees Fahrenheit, 1,5 hours|
|1.5 pounds meatloaf||350 degrees Fahrenheit, 1 hour||350 degrees Fahrenheit, 45 minutes||325 degrees Fahrenheit, 1 hour|
|baked potato||400 degrees Fahrenheit, 45 minutes||400 degrees Fahrenheit, 35 minutes||375 degrees Fahrenheit, 45 minutes|
|Roasted vegetables||400 degrees Fahrenheit, 55 minutes||400 degrees Fahrenheit, 40 minutes||375 degrees Fahrenheit, 55 minutes|
|Cookies||350 degrees Fahrenheit, 12 minutes||350 degrees Fahrenheit, 9 minutes||325 degrees Fahrenheit, 12 minutes|
|Brownies||300 degrees Fahrenheit, 45 minutes||300 degrees Fahrenheit, 35 minutes||275 degrees Fahrenheit, 45 minutes|
|Cheese Cake||350 degrees Fahrenheit, 45 minutes||350 degrees Fahrenheit, 35 minutes||325 degrees Fahrenheit, 45 minutes|
How to measure vapor pressure at different altitudes and temperatures
See the chart below to find out how different altitudes affect water boiling temperatures and vapor pressure.
- Boiling water temperatures at higher altitudes decrease the further away from sea level.
- Vapor pressure increases as temperatures drop and altitudes increase.
As these factors change, they affect proper cooking temperatures. Make sure your food is cooked correctly by investing in lots of thermometers for your foodservice operation. Control regularly the temperature of your food reduces the threat of foodborne illness.
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