Let's start at the beginning, when ice cream was a mixture of fruit juice with snow and ice. This soft drink that the Turks called "chorbet" and the Arabs "charat" was born, according to history, in the East, before the Christian era. It then entered Europe through southern Italy, where expert cooks enriched it with honey, making it with snow from Etna. The Italians called it "sorbet".
Apparently, it was a certain Francisco Procopio who, in the seventeenth century, invented a machine that gave birth to true ice cream, since it homogenized fruits, ice and sugar giving it a consistency unknown until then. Procopio opened an ice cream parlor in Paris, the first in the history of ice cream, and soon the sorbet was in vogue.
In our country, the history of ice cream is linked to that of ice. Until 1855 ice was not manufactured in Argentina. It was a luxury item imported in large bars wrapped in sawdust from England and the United States. The first to serve soft drinks using this imported ice were the "Café de Paris", "Las Armas", "Los Catalanes" and the bar "Del Plata", now disappeared.
From here, the confectionery-type ice cream parlors arose, which served ice cream in tall metal cups with a tempting cookie, the “cat's tongue”, and which lasted until well into the 50s of this century. Then came the ice cream parlors "on the go" and finally, with the development of ice cream makers and cold chains, powders to prepare ice cream and industrial ice cream.
LEGEND AND HISTORY OF ICE CREAM
Ice cream was already known in ancient Rome. The primacy of sorbets, made with snow from Etna and Vesuvius, would, according to legend, belong to Sicilians and Neapolitans. It is said that Alexander the Great, during his marches to India, savored honey, fruit and spices mixed with snow that he had brought by his speedy couriers.
Turks and Arabs claim that Sorbet is a word of Arabic origin, from sharbat, which means "fresh drink." As we can see, the history of ice cream is confused with legend. There are some certain facts: in Florence, for example, ice cream had two parents, Ruggeri and Buontalenti. Buontalenti was a very skilled chemist who was commissioned in 1565 to organize a sumptuous party in honor of a Spanish delegation that the Duke was to receive. Among the delicacies he prepared was ice cream; Thanks to his knowledge of chemistry, he was able to prepare a mixture similar to that used today to make artificial ice.
The ice cream he served was very soft, but was very successful. The Spaniards spread the news throughout Europe and Queen Catalina De Medicis summoned (or abducted, according to some say) the Florentine ice cream makers.
Another version claims that the ice cream was born in Florence from the inventiveness of a certain Ruggeri, a farmer chicken farmer, who participated in a cooking contest with a frozen mix of sabayon, cream and fruit. After leaving for Paris he quickly became rich and famous.
As it spread throughout Europe, ice cream became, especially in the Nordic countries, synonymous with a true food. In the United States, ice cream was introduced by Giovanni Bosio in 1770.
Then came the large distribution chains and "homemade" ice cream.
Research and preparation by Martín A. Cagliani, student of Archaeological Anthropology and History at the Faculty of Philosophy and Letters of the University of Buenos Aires