The tray is one of the most used utensils in dining rooms, cafeteria, etc. As will be seen later, there are several types of trays and each of them has a specific use, independently, that at any given time the one that does not correspond due to its size or shape will have to be used.
The oval tray: It is used to move large quantities of utensils or food in dining rooms (restaurants) where long distances are required, it is the appropriate tray. It is made of different materials.
The rectangular tray: It will be used mainly in self-services, having great uses also in the restaurant, one of them being the transfer of cutlery, glassware, etc. from the    office to the living room to prepare the mise-en-place, as well as to set up the tables. Like the previous one, it is made of different materials.
The large circular tray: Its uses are very similar to the previous one.
The small circular tray: It is mainly used in the service of drinks, coffee, desserts, etc.
Tray for check or small: As its name indicates, it is mainly used in the delivery of the check to the client, but it can also be used to deposit an errand or note, as well as to carry a cigarette, matches, etc. up to the customer.
Tray handling
When we use the trays to transport dishes with food from the kitchen We will keep in mind the  Cover these with their lids, to prevent the bottoms from staining food. If the covers are not available, we must be careful when placing the dishes, not loading it too much since we could spoil the decoration, as well as taking care that the sauces or liquids that some preparations may contain do not spill.
Glassware should not be mixed in the same tray with the rest of the dishes, so two trays must be available at the time of collection. When glassware joins    With the crockery, we run the risk of it being broken and also stained with grease.
When transporting empty plates and dishes or food, glass or bottles, a serving cloth will be spread over the tray to prevent them from slipping and breaking.
The used dishes and cutlery will be placed on the tray as follows:
  • It will be done in the center of the tray, one or two rows of plates, depending on the size of the tray.
  • The rest of the dishes distribute them around in a fan shape, locking them together.
  • Cutlery on the center stack.
  • Several small stacks of dishes can also be made to be conveniently distributed on the tray, placing the cutlery on the center rows.

When using the oval or circular trays to transport drinks, they will be arranged as follows:

  • Bottles of liquors or drinks in the center
  • Soft drinks around liquor bottles
  • Finally the glasses

It is not very convenient to transport the liquor or drink bottles on the tray, but to carry them in your free hand.

The heaviest objects will be placed in the center of the tray, and the rest duly distributed in it to achieve a proper balance.
Way of loading and unloading the trays:
  1. Turn it over to make sure the dishes are well placed.
  2. Stand on the side, half-opening your legs.
  3. Hold it in the center with your right hand, your thumb on the inside edge and your other fingers underneath.
  4. Pull it toward you to make it protrude almost to the  half of the sideboard edge.
  5. Lean slightly and place your left hand in the center of the bottom, fully open, as flat as possible.
  6. Raise it to shoulder height, turning it to place it on top of it.
  7. Change the position of the right hand by making a loop with the index and middle fingers.
  8. While driving keep your eyes on where you are walking and not on the tray.
  9. When you reach the sink to lower it, reverse the instructions given for lifting it.
  10. When the dishes are in piles, lower them one by one, and at the end place the cutlery and turn the waste over.
  11. To unload the tray into the sink, slide the dishes in with your right hand and pull the tray very gently with your left hand making them slide on the surface of the tray. Do not turn the tray over to avoid breakage.  This last method is not very advisable when you do not have enough skill, being preferable to lower the entire tray in the sink.
  12. The crystals transported in trays will be left on it.

Tray driving

  • When it is empty, it will be carried by the hand, with the inner surface turned inwards; never at shoulder height.
  • Bring very heavy trays or large oval trays to shoulder height. Carrying light weights over the shoulder will not be practical, nor will it be pleasing to the eye of the customer.
  • Bring small, lightweight trays to chest height  of weight.
It may interest you:  Table service
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