Wine storage and preservation tips (2020)
Whether you need to properly store a variety of wines for your restaurant or you're looking for long-term wine storage tips, there are a few things you should always remember. Take into account important factors such as temperature, humidity, and exposure to air or light.
Also, it's important to know the proper wine storage temperature for reds, whites, and everything else. If it does not have a designated sommelier at their restaurantBe sure to follow the tips below to make the most of your wine stocks.
How to store wine
While wine storage is not complicated, there are a few ways you can make sure your wine tastes the way it's supposed to when it is served.
1. Store the bottles horizontally
As most people have noticed, wine bottles are generally stored horizontally on shelves or refrigerators with the label facing up. While this is important for bottles with natural corks, storing bottles horizontally with non-natural corks such as rubber, plastic, or metal is not necessary, but can often be a space-saving solution for restaurants More smalls.
Why is wine stored lying down?
The wine is stored lying down so that the liquid can remain in constant contact with the cork. This ensures that the cork remains moist to prevent it from shrinking or cracking and allowing air to enter the bottle. Letting air into the bottle can cause early oxidation, which will negatively affect the taste of the wine.
2. Store the wine at the proper temperature
If you are storing red and white wine in the same place, try to keep the air temperature around 55 degrees Fahrenheit. While a little higher or a little lower won't do much harm, temperatures above 70 degrees Fahrenheit can age wine more quickly than desired.
Even more extreme heat can "cook" your wine, causing the flavor and aroma to deflate. Alternatively, storing wine in areas that are too cold, such as a standard refrigerator or walk-in, can rid the wine of its natural aromas and flavors.
Temperature is essential in the conservation of wine. Exposing your bottles to excessive heat, or even cold, can ruin the product. Proper wine storage temperatures can help preserve your wine for years and ensure that the wine does not age too quickly.
3. Keep the temperature stable
When storing bottles of wine, you should always make sure that the room temperature is kept constant. Temperature consistency is just as important, if not more so, than the actual temperature at which you store your wine.
Drastic changes in temperature can cause the liquids inside the bottle to expand and contract. This expansion and contraction can eventually push the cork out of place over time, leading to early oxidation.
4. Pay attention to humidity
When it comes to the optimal humidity level for storing wine, you'll want to keep the humidity level between 50 and 80 percent.
Humidity levels can affect both the wine and the label. If you are serious about keeping bottles pristine, including labels, you will need to pay close attention to moisture. Storing your wine in a relatively humid environment is another way to ensure that the cork stays moist enough to keep the air out.
On the other hand, keeping the ambient air too humid can damage wine bottle labels over time. Too much moisture can cause mold to form on the labels, ruining the exterior of the bottle. While this won't affect the wine inside, and it may ruin your chances of using that bottle in your restaurant.
5. Limit light exposure
Light in general, and especially UV rays, can prematurely age your wine in a similar way to exposure to air and heat. Most bottles use tinted glass to help prevent this. But if you are looking to keep your bottles in storage for a while, store them in a dark area, away from direct sunlight and strong fluorescent light.
6. Avoid movements and vibrations
The vibrations of heavy equipment kitchen and refrigeration appliances can damage your wine when it is stored. In general, you should not store bottles near such equipment and avoid manually shaking your wine. Such movements can speed up chemical reactions that make wine age faster.
7. Track how long your wine is stored
While it is true that a good wine can improve with age, what you are storing will probably not be left there indefinitely. Most of the world's new wines or less expensive bottles should realistically be consumed within a few years of purchase. In addition, the wine that stays stored too long in your restaurant is not helping your bottom line .
Does the wine go wrong?
In general, red wine should be consumed within 2 to 10 years after harvest. White wine is best when consumed within 2 to 3 years. In today's fine wine production, there are only a handful on the market that can actually benefit from being 10 years old or older.
How to store wine after opening
White wine should be stored after opening in a cool, dark place such as a refrigerator, wine cellar, or closet. It should be consumed within 3 to 5 days after opening. Red wine does not need to be stored in a cool area, but should be kept in a dark or low-light location. While most red wines also last 3-5 days, some of the more acidic reds can last longer.
Here are some tips to use when storing wine after opening:
- Recap the bottle as tightly as possible to minimize exposure to air.
- Transfer the remainder of the wine to a smaller bottle to reduce the amount of excess air.
- Store away from light and heat.
- Cover the lid with a wine stopper if the original cork is not available
Wine storage temperatures
The ideal storage temperature for wine is 55 degrees Fahrenheit. However, different types of wine can have different optimal temperatures.
These are the appropriate storage temperatures for white wine:
- Sparkling: 40 to 45 degrees Fahrenheit
- Light or sweet body: 45 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit
- Full-bodied: 50 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit
And here are the proper storage temperatures for red wine:
- Light body: 50 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit
- Medium body: 55 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit
- Full body: 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit
Here is a table designed to help you keep track of the correct wine storage temperature for each type:
Where to store wine
When you consider all of the above guidelines, it's no surprise that where you store your wine can have a big impact on the glass you serve your customers.
If you're trying to figure out where to store wine, avoid the following places:
- Kitchen - They are often too hot and well lit to store wine.
- High traffic areas - Keep bottles away from doors or cabinets that are in constant use. Storing wine here can increase your chances of movement and temperature fluctuation.
- Near windows - You will never want to store wine bottles in direct sunlight.
- Around the pungent smells - Don't keep your wine bottles near strong smelling items like herbs and garlic. Wine can pick up those flavors and alter the taste.
When it comes to storing wine in your kitchen Commercial, your best bet is to opt for wine racks or coolers.
These units are the most cost effective method of storing wine in a professional environment. However, they only work well when you have a suitable place to put them. Store your wine rack units in an area that meets the above guidelines for proper temperature, humidity, and light.
Wine racks and storage cabinets are an ideal choice because they save you money by working without electricity or refrigeration. They are great if you already have a wine cellar and simply need a storage unit to store your bottles.
Wine Coolers / Merchandisers
While regular coolers are often too cold to house your bottles, wine coolers are designed to store your wine at precise temperatures . Some even have multiple zones to allow storage of different types of wine within the same cabinet.
Some refrigerators are designed to sell wine as well. Merchants are made to display product to customers in their wine shop while keeping it at the ideal temperature.
Large service wine coolers
Wine coolers are ideal for use in restaurants exclusive serving large volumes of wine. These large coolers can often hold up to 200 bottles of wine at the proper serving temperature.
Evaluate the space of your restaurant to determine the best area to house your wine selection. By paying close attention to temperature, humidity level and exposure to light, you can be rewarded with wines from quality that guests will love. Outfit your space with a simple yet effective wine rack, or upgrade your beverage service with a sturdy wine cooler.