Wine storage and preservation tips (2020)
Whether you need to properly store a variety of wines for your restaurant Or you are looking for long term wine storage tips, there are a few things you should always remember. Consider important factors such as temperature, humidity, and exposure to air or light.
Also, it is important to know the proper wine storage temperature for reds, whites and everything in between. If it does not have a designated sommelier at their restaurantBe sure to follow the tips below to make the most of your wine stocks.
How to store wine
While wine storage is not complicated, there are a few ways you can make sure your wine tastes the way it's supposed to when it is served.
1. Store the bottles horizontally
As most people have noticed, wine bottles are generally stored horizontally on shelves or refrigerators with the label facing up. While this is important for bottles with natural corks, storing bottles horizontally with unnatural corks like rubber, plastic, or metal is not necessary, but can often be a space-saving solution for restaurants More smalls.
Why is wine stored lying down?
The wine is stored lying down so that the liquid can remain in constant contact with the cork. This ensures that the cork remains moist to prevent shrinkage or cracking and to allow air to enter the bottle. Letting air into the bottle can cause early oxidation, which will adversely affect the taste of the wine.
2. Store the wine at the proper temperature
If you are storing red and white wine in the same place, try to keep the air temperature around 55 degrees Fahrenheit. While a little higher or a little lower won't do much harm, temperatures above 70 degrees Fahrenheit can age the wine more quickly than desired.
Even more extreme heat can "cook" your wine, causing the flavor and aroma to deflate. Alternatively, storing wine in areas that are too cold, such as a standard refrigerator or walk-in, can rid the wine of its natural aromas and flavors.
Temperature is paramount in preserving wine. Exposing your bottles to excessive heat, or even cold, can ruin the product. Proper wine storage temperatures can help preserve your wine for years and ensure that the wine does not age too quickly.
3. Keep the temperature stable
When storing wine bottles, you should always make sure that the ambient temperature remains constant. Temperature consistency is just as important, if not more, than the actual temperature at which you store your wine.
Drastic changes in temperature can cause the liquids inside the bottle to expand and contract. This expansion and contraction can eventually push the cork out of place over time, leading to early oxidation.
4. Pay attention to humidity
When it comes to the optimal humidity level for storing wine, you'll want to keep the humidity level between 50 and 80 percent.
Humidity levels can affect both the wine and the label. If you are serious about maintaining pristine bottles, including labels, you should pay close attention to moisture. Storing your wine in a relatively humid environment is another way to ensure that the cork stays moist enough to keep the air out.
On the other hand, keeping the ambient air too humid can damage the label of wine bottles over time. Too much moisture can cause mold to form on the labels, ruining the outside of the bottle. While this will not affect the wine inside, and may ruin your chances of using that bottle in your restaurant.
5. Limit light exposure
Light in general, and especially UV rays, can prematurely age your wine similar to exposure to air and heat. Most bottles use tinted glass to help prevent this. But if you are looking to keep your bottles stored for a while, store them in a dark area, away from direct sunlight and strong fluorescent light.
6. Avoid movements and vibrations
The vibrations of heavy equipment kitchen and refrigeration appliances can damage your wine when stored. In general, you should not store bottles near such equipment and avoid manually shaking your wine. Such movements can speed up chemical reactions that make wine age faster.
7. Track how long your wine is stored
While it's true that good wine can improve with age, it's likely that what you're storing isn't left there indefinitely. Most of the world's newer wines or less expensive bottles should be realistically consumed within a few years of purchase. Furthermore, the wine that stays stored too long in your restaurant is not helping your bottom line .
Does the wine go wrong?
In general, red wine should be consumed within 2 to 10 years after harvest. White wine is best when consumed within 2-3 years. In today's fine wine production, there is only a handful on the market that can actually benefit from being 10 or older.
How to store wine after opening
White wine should be stored after opening in a cool, dark place like a refrigerator, cellar, or closet. It must be consumed within 3 to 5 days after opening. Red wine does not need to be stored in a cool area, but should be kept in a dark or dimly lit place. While most red wines also last 3-5 days, some of the more acidic reds may last longer.
Here are some tips to use when storing wine after opening:
- Recap the bottle as tightly as possible to minimize exposure to air.
- Transfer the remainder of the wine to a smaller bottle to reduce the amount of excess air.
- Store away from light and heat.
- Cover the lid with a wine stopper if the original cork is not available
Wine storage temperatures
The ideal storage temperature for wine is 55 degrees Fahrenheit. However, different types of wine may have different optimal temperatures.
These are the appropriate storage temperatures for white wine:
- Sparkling: 40 to 45 degrees Fahrenheit
- Light or sweet body: 45 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit
- Full-bodied: 50 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit
And here are the proper storage temperatures for red wine:
- Light body: 50 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit
- Medium body: 55 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit
- Full body: 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit
Here is a table designed to help you keep track of the correct wine storage temperature for each type:
Where to store wine
When you consider all of the above guidelines, it's no surprise that where you store your wine can have a big impact on the glass you serve your customers.
If you're trying to figure out where to store wine, avoid the following places:
- Kitchen - They are often too hot and well lit to store wine.
- High traffic areas - Keep bottles away from constantly used doors or cabinets. Storing wine here can increase your chances of temperature fluctuation and movement.
- Near windows - You will never want to store wine bottles in direct sunlight.
- Around the pungent smells - Don't keep your wine bottles near items with strong odors like herbs and garlic. Wine can pick up those flavors and alter the flavor.
When it comes to storing wine in your kitchen Commercial, your best bet is to opt for wine racks or coolers.
These units are the most cost effective method of storing wine in a professional environment. However, they only work well when you have a suitable place to put them. Store your wine rack units in an area that meets the above guidelines for proper temperature, humidity, and light.
Wine racks and storage cabinets are an ideal choice because they save you money by working without electricity or refrigeration. They are great if you already have a cellar and just need a storage unit to store the bottles.
Wine Coolers / Merchandisers
While regular coolers are often too cold to house your bottles, wine coolers are designed to store your wine at precise temperatures . Some even have multiple zones to allow the storage of different types of wine within the same cabinet.
Some refrigerators are designed to market wine as well. Merchants are made to display the product to customers in their wine store while keeping it at the ideal temperature.
Large service wine coolers
Wine coolers are ideal for use in restaurants Exclusive serving large volumes of wine. These large coolers can often hold up to 200 bottles of wine at the proper serving temperature.
Evaluate the space of your restaurant to determine the best area to house your wine selection. By paying close attention to temperature, humidity level and light exposure, you can be rewarded with wines from quality that guests will love. Equip your space with a simple but effective wine rack, or upgrade your beverage service with a sturdy wine cooler.